17 May 2013 Modeling methods of MEMS micro-speaker with electrostatic working principle
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Abstract
The market for mobile devices like tablets, laptops or mobile phones is increasing rapidly. Device housings get thinner and energy efficiency is more and more important. Micro-Electro-Mechanical-System (MEMS) loudspeakers, fabricated in complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) compatible technology merge energy efficient driving technology with cost economical fabrication processes. In most cases, the fabrication of such devices within the design process is a lengthy and costly task. Therefore, the need for computer modeling tools capable of precisely simulating the multi-field interactions is increasing. The accurate modeling of such MEMS devices results in a system of coupled partial differential equations (PDEs) describing the interaction between the electric, mechanical and acoustic field. For the efficient and accurate solution we apply the Finite Element (FE) method. Thereby, we fully take the nonlinear effects into account: electrostatic force, charged moving body (loaded membrane) in an electric field, geometric nonlinearities and mechanical contact during the snap-in case between loaded membrane and stator. To efficiently handle the coupling between the mechanical and acoustic fields, we apply Mortar FE techniques, which allow different grid sizes along the coupling interface. Furthermore, we present a recently developed PML (Perfectly Matched Layer) technique, which allows limiting the acoustic computational domain even in the near field without getting spurious reflections. For computations towards the acoustic far field we us a Kirchhoff Helmholtz integral (e.g, to compute the directivity pattern). We will present simulations of a MEMS speaker system based on a single sided driving mechanism as well as an outlook on MEMS speakers using double stator systems (pull-pull-system), and discuss their efficiency (SPL) and quality (THD) towards the generated acoustic sound.
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D. Tumpold, D. Tumpold, M. Kaltenbacher, M. Kaltenbacher, C. Glacer, C. Glacer, M. Nawaz, M. Nawaz, A. Dehé, A. Dehé, } "Modeling methods of MEMS micro-speaker with electrostatic working principle", Proc. SPIE 8763, Smart Sensors, Actuators, and MEMS VI, 876324 (17 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2016468; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2016468
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