28 May 2013 Design and fabrication of high-throughput application-specific microfluidic devices for studying single-cell responses to extracellular perturbations
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Abstract
Single cell analysis techniques provide a unique opportunity of determining the intercellular heterogeneity in a cell population, which due to genotype variations and different physiological states of the cells i.e. size, shape and age, cannot be retrieved from averaged cell population values. In order to obtain high-value quantitative data from single-cell experiments it is important to have experimental platforms enabling high-throughput studies. Here, we present a microfluidic chip, which is capable of capturing individual cells in suspension inside separate traps. The device consists of three adjacent microchannels with separate inlets and outlets, laterally connected through the V-shaped traps. Vshaped traps, with openings smaller than the size of a single cell, are fabricated in the middle (main) channel perpendicular to the flow direction. Cells are guided into the wells by streamlines of the flows and are kept still at the bottom of the traps. Cells can then be exposed to extracellular stimuli either in the main or the side channels. Microchannels and traps of different sizes can be fabricated in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), offering the possibility of independent studies on cellular responses with different cell types and different extracellular environmental changes. We believe that this versatile high-throughput cell trapping approach will contribute to further development of the current knowledge and information acquired from single-cell studies and provide valuable statistical experimental data required for systems biology.
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Amin A. Banaeiyan, Amin A. Banaeiyan, Doryaneh Ahmadpour, Doryaneh Ahmadpour, Caroline B. Adiels, Caroline B. Adiels, Mattias Goksör, Mattias Goksör, } "Design and fabrication of high-throughput application-specific microfluidic devices for studying single-cell responses to extracellular perturbations", Proc. SPIE 8765, Bio-MEMS and Medical Microdevices, 87650K (28 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2017301; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2017301
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