The paper presents an insight into our current researches on galvanometer-based scanners (GSs). A brief overview is first performed on the state-of-the-art, as well as on some of our contributions to optimize the scanning and the command functions of this most used scanning device. Considerations on the use of GSs in high-end biomedical imaging applications such as Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) are made, with a focus towards obtaining the best possible duty cycles and artifact-free OCT images when using GSs for lateral scanning, as studied in our previous works. The scope of our present study is to obtain the mathematical model of a GS system (motor and controller included) in order to optimize the command functions of the device and to support the development of some more advanced control
structures. The study is centered on the mathematical and experimental modeling of GSs. Thus, the results of an
experimental identification made on a classical multi-parameter mathematical model proposed for such a system are
presented. The experiments are carried out in different operating regimes, and the specific characteristic parameters of
the GS are determined. Using these parameters obtained experimentally, we carry out simulations in Mathlab Simulink
to validate the theoretical model. With the indentified model, an extended control solution is proposed. We point out the match between the theory and the results of the simulations and of the testing for different types of input signals, such as triangular, sinusoidal, and sawtooth with different duty cycles.