30 May 2013 A multi-analytical investigation of semi-conductor pigments with time-resolved spectroscopy and imaging
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Abstract
We present the non-invasive study of historical and modern Zn- and Cd-based pigments with time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy, fluorescence multispectral imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM). Zinc oxide and Zinc sulphide are semiconductors which have been used as white pigments in paintings, and the luminescence of these pigments from trapped states is strongly dependent on the presence of impurities and crystal defects. Cadmium sulphoselenide pigments vary in hue from yellow to deep red based on their composition, and are another class of semiconductor pigments which emit both in the visible and the near infrared. The Fluorescence lifetime of historical and modern pigments has been measured using both an Optical Multichannel Analyser (OMA) coupled with a Nd:YAG nslaser, and a streak camera coupled with a ps-laser for spectrally-resolved fluorescence lifetime measurements. For Znbased pigments we have also employed Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging (FLIM) for the measurement of luminescence. A case study of FLIM applied to the analysis of the painting by Vincent Van Gogh on paper – “Les Bretonnes et le pardon de Pont-Aven” (1888) is presented. Through the integration of complementary, portable and non-invasive spectroscopic techniques, new insights into the optical properties of Zn- and Cd-based pigments have been gained which will inform future analysis of late 19th] and early 20th C. paintings.
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A. Nevin, A. Cesaratto, C. D'Andrea, Gianluca Valentini, D. Comelli, "A multi-analytical investigation of semi-conductor pigments with time-resolved spectroscopy and imaging", Proc. SPIE 8790, Optics for Arts, Architecture, and Archaeology IV, 87900U (30 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2020397; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2020397
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