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24 September 2013 Covalently functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes and graphene composite electrodes for pseudocapacitor application
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Abstract
The use of carbon-based materials in electrochemical double-layer supercapacitors (EDLC) is currently being the focus of much research. Even though activated carbon (AC) is the state of the art electrode material, AC suffers from some drawbacks including its limited electrical conductivity, the need for a binder to ensure the expected electrode cohesion and its limited accessibility of its pores to solvated ions of the electrolyte. Owing to their unique physical properties, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) or graphene could overcome these drawbacks. It has been demonstrated that high specific capacitance could be obtained when the carbon accessible surface area of the electrode was finely tailored by using graphene combined with other carbonaceous nanoparticles such as CNTs12.In this work, to further increase the specific capacitance of the electrode, we have covalently grafted onto the surface of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), exfoliated graphite or graphene oxide (GO), anthraquinone (AQ) derivatives which are electrochemically active materials. The modified SWCNTs and graphene-like materials have been characterized by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoemission and cyclic voltammetry . Then suspensions based on mixtures of modified SWCNTs and modified graphene-like materials have been prepared and transformed into electrodes either by spray coating or by filtration. These electrodes have been characterized by SEM and by cyclic voltammetry in 0.1M H2S04 electrolyte.
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Pierre Le Barny, Bernard Servet, Stéphane Campidelli, Paolo Bondavalli, and Christophe Galindo "Covalently functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes and graphene composite electrodes for pseudocapacitor application", Proc. SPIE 8814, Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, and Associated Devices VI, 88140I (24 September 2013); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2030011
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