30 September 2013 Understanding human visual systems and its impact on our intelligent instruments
Author Affiliations +
We review the evolution of machine vision and comment on the cross-fertilization from the neural sciences onto flourishing fields of neural processing, parallel processing, and associative memory in optical sciences and computing. Then we examine how the intensive efforts in mapping the human brain have been influenced by concepts in computer sciences, control theory, and electronic circuits. We discuss two neural paths that employ the input from the vision sense to determine the navigational options and object recognition. They are ventral temporal pathway for object recognition (what?) and dorsal parietal pathway for navigation (where?), respectively. We describe the reflexive and conscious decision centers in cerebral cortex involved with visual attention and gaze control. Interestingly, these require return path though the midbrain for ocular muscle control. We find that the cognitive psychologists currently study human brain employing low-spatial-resolution fMRI with temporal response on the order of a second. In recent years, the life scientists have concentrated on insect brains to study neural processes. We discuss how reflexive and conscious gaze-control decisions are made in the frontal eye field and inferior parietal lobe, constituting the fronto-parietal attention network. We note that ethical and experiential learnings impact our conscious decisions.
© (2013) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Marija Strojnik Scholl, Marija Strojnik Scholl, Gonzalo Páez, Gonzalo Páez, Michelle K. Scholl, Michelle K. Scholl, "Understanding human visual systems and its impact on our intelligent instruments", Proc. SPIE 8833, Tribute to H. John Caulfield, 883303 (30 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2025720; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2025720


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