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18 September 2013 High sensitive FBG pressure sensor using metal bellows
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A fiber-optic sensor scheme, capable of the simultaneous measurement of pressure and temperature using two in-line Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs) is reported. Sensor head is configured by embedding the two FBGs with metal bellows, such that FBG1 is sensitive to both pressure and temperature, whereas FBG2 is only sensitive to temperature. High pressure sensitivity is achieved because of the lower spring rate in longitudinal direction to that of the large elastic modulus in transverse direction of the metal bellows. Pressure and temperature measurement is made by monitoring the shift of Bragg wavelengths of the FBGs corresponds to variation in pressure and temperature. From the test results, the obtained pressure and temperature sensitivities are 86 pm/psi and 9.17 pm/°C, over a dynamic range of 0-40 psi pressure, and 25-110°C temperature measurements respectively. The experimental results well agreed with the theoretical results and show good linearity. This simple design, economical and all fiber optic sensors can be used for liquid and gas pressure measurements, and under-water applications.
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P. Vengal Rao, K. Srimannarayana, M. Sai Shankar, and P. Kishore "High sensitive FBG pressure sensor using metal bellows", Proc. SPIE 8836, Optomechanical Engineering 2013, 88360D (18 September 2013);

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