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27 September 2013 Correlation analysis of surface slope metrology measurements of high quality x-ray optics
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We discuss an application of correlation analysis to surface metrology of high quality x-ray optics with the aim of elicitation and, when possible, suppression of the instrumental systematic errors in the final metrology results. We describe and present the mathematical foundation for a novel method consisting of the randomization of the systematic error by the averaging of multiple measurements, specially arranged to mutually anti-correlate. We also discuss the possibility to apply correlation analysis to the entire residual surface slope distribution in order to find anti-correlation parameters of the distribution. In this case, repeated measurements with the corresponding change of the experimental arrangement (position of the surface and/or its overall tilt) can be used to identify the origin of the observed anticorrelation features by analyzing the difference between the measurements. If the corresponding minimum of the autocorrelation function is due to a systematic error, averaging over the repeated measurements will provide an efficient suppression of the systematic error. If the observed anti-correlation properties are due to the polishing process, and therefore belong to the surface itself, we suggest that the possibility of re-polishing the surface based on the correlation analysis be considered. Throughout the present work we have discussed correlation analysis of surface slope metrology data. However, a similar consideration can be applied to surface topography in the height domain measured with other metrology instrumentation, for example: interferometers and interferometric microscopes.
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Valeriy V. Yashchuk, Nikolay A. Artemiev, Ian Lacey, and Daniel J. Merthe "Correlation analysis of surface slope metrology measurements of high quality x-ray optics", Proc. SPIE 8848, Advances in X-Ray/EUV Optics and Components VIII, 88480I (27 September 2013);

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