26 September 2013 Rethinking the union of computed tomography reconstruction and GPGPU computing
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This work will present the utilization of the massively multi-threaded environment of graphics processors (GPUs) to improve the computation time needed to reconstruct large computed tomography (CT) datasets and the aris- ing challenges for system implementation. Intelligent algorithm design for massively multi-threaded graphics processors differs greatly from traditional CPU algorithm design. Although a brute force port of a CPU algo- rithm to a GPU kernel may yield non-trivial performance gains, further measurable gains could be achieved by designing the algorithm with consideration given to the computing architecture. Previous work has shown that CT reconstruction on GPUs becomes an irregular problem for large datasets (10GB-4TB),1 thus memory band- width at the host and device levels becomes a significant bottleneck for industrial CT applications. We present a set of GPU reconstruction kernels that utilize various GPU-specific optimizations and measure performance impact.
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Edward S. Jimenez, Edward S. Jimenez, Laurel J. Orr, Laurel J. Orr, "Rethinking the union of computed tomography reconstruction and GPGPU computing", Proc. SPIE 8854, Penetrating Radiation Systems and Applications XIV, 88540A (26 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2029995; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2029995

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