26 September 2013 Fractal evaluation of drug amorphicity from optical and scanning electron microscope images
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Abstract
Amorphous materials are metastable, more reactive than the crystalline ones, and have to be evaluated before pharmaceutical compound formulation. Amorphicity is interpreted as a spatial chaos, and patterns of molecular aggregates of dexamethasone, D, were investigated in this paper by using fractal dimension, FD. Images having three magnifications of D were taken from an optical microscope, OM, and with eight magnifications, from a scanning electron microscope, SEM, were analyzed. The average FD for pattern irregularities of OM images was 1.538, and about 1.692 for SEM images. The FDs of the two kinds of images are less sensitive of threshold level. 3D images were shown to illustrate dependence of FD of threshold and magnification level. As a result, optical image of single scale is enough to characterize the drug amorphicity. As a result, the OM image at a single scale is enough to characterize the amorphicity of D.
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Bogdan-Mihai G. Gavriloaia, Bogdan-Mihai G. Gavriloaia, Radu C. Vizireanu, Radu C. Vizireanu, Catalin I. Neamtu, Catalin I. Neamtu, Gheorghe V. Gavriloaia, Gheorghe V. Gavriloaia, } "Fractal evaluation of drug amorphicity from optical and scanning electron microscope images", Proc. SPIE 8856, Applications of Digital Image Processing XXXVI, 88561V (26 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2022541; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2022541
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