23 September 2013 Lessons learned from the AIRS pre-flight radiometric calibration
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The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument flies on the NASA Aqua satellite and measures the upwelling hyperspectral earth radiance in the spectral range of 3.7-15.4 μm with a nominal ground resolution at nadir of 13.5 km. The AIRS spectra are achieved using a temperature controlled grating spectrometer and HgCdTe infrared linear arrays providing 2378 channels with a nominal spectral resolution of approximately 1200. The AIRS pre-flight tests that impact the radiometric calibration include a full system radiometric response (linearity), polarization response, and response vs scan angle (RVS). We re-derive the AIRS instrument radiometric calibration coefficients from the pre-flight polarization measurements, the response vs scan (RVS) angle tests as well as the linearity tests, and a recent lunar roll test that allowed the AIRS to view the moon. The data and method for deriving the coefficients is discussed in detail and the resulting values compared amongst the different tests. Finally, we examine the residual errors in the reconstruction of the external calibrator blackbody radiances and the efficacy of a new radiometric uncertainty model. Results show the radiometric calibration of AIRS to be excellent and the radiometric uncertainty model does a reasonable job of characterizing the errors.
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Thomas S. Pagano, Thomas S. Pagano, Hartmut H. Aumann, Hartmut H. Aumann, Margie Weiler, Margie Weiler, "Lessons learned from the AIRS pre-flight radiometric calibration", Proc. SPIE 8866, Earth Observing Systems XVIII, 88660U (23 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2023810; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2023810

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