23 September 2013 VIIRS thermal emissive bands on-orbit calibration coefficient performance using vicarious calibration results
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Abstract
The Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS), a primary sensor on-board the Suomi-National Polar-orbiting Partnership (SNPP) spacecraft, was launched October 28, 2011. It has 22 bands: 7 thermal emissive bands (TEBs), 14 reflective solar bands (RSBs) and a Day Night Band (DNB). The TEBs cover the spectral wavelengths between 3.7 to 12 μm and have two 371 m and five 742 m spatial resolution bands. A VIIRS Key Performance Parameter (KPP) is the sea surface temperature (SST) which uses bands M12 (3.7 μm), M15 (10.8 μm) and M16’s (12.0 μm) calibrated Science Data Records (SDRs). The TEB SDRs rely on pre-launch calibration coefficients used in a quadratic algorithm to convert the detector’s response to calibrated radiance. This paper will evaluate the performance of these prelaunch calibration coefficients using vicarious calibration information from the Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) also onboard the SNPP spacecraft and the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) on-board the Meteorological Operational (MetOp) satellite. Changes to the pre-launch calibration coefficients’ offset term c0 to improve the SDR’s performance at cold scene temperatures will also be discussed.
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D. Moyer, C. Moeller, F. De Luccia, "VIIRS thermal emissive bands on-orbit calibration coefficient performance using vicarious calibration results", Proc. SPIE 8866, Earth Observing Systems XVIII, 88661O (23 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2023809; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2023809
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