23 September 2013 Impacts of hyperspectral sensor spectral coverage, sampling and resolution on cross-comparison with broadband sensor for reflective solar bands
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Abstract
A new generation of hyperspectral imagers requires a much higher absolute accuracy for reflected solar radiation measurements to further improve climate monitoring capabilities. For example, the Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) mission, a future satellite mission led and developed by NASA and partner organizations, is currently considered to consist of two hyperspectral imagers that cover the reflected solar (RS) and infrared radiation. The design of the CLARREO RS instrument operates from 320 to 2300 nm with 4 nm in spectral sampling and 8 nm in spectral resolution. In this study, the sensitivity of spectral coverage, sampling and resolution of the CLARREO RS type instrument is tested for their impacts on integrated radiances using the relative spectral responses (RSR) of existing broadband sensors. As a proxy, our hyperspectral data is based on MODTRAN simulations and SCIAMACHY observations and the RSR data is from those used in MODIS, VIIRS and AVHRR level 1B (L1B) products. The sensitivity is conducted for ocean, forest, desert, snow and cloud.
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Aisheng Wu, Xiaoxiong Xiong, Brian Wenny, "Impacts of hyperspectral sensor spectral coverage, sampling and resolution on cross-comparison with broadband sensor for reflective solar bands", Proc. SPIE 8866, Earth Observing Systems XVIII, 88661R (23 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2023393; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2023393
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