24 September 2013 A highly strained InAs/GaSb type II superlattice for LWIR detection
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IR photo detectors are in high demand for various military and civilian applications, such as airborne surveillance, remote sensing, environmental monitoring, and spectrometry. Recently InAs/GaSb type II superlattice (T2SL) has attracted numerous R and D interest since SLS is the only IR material that has a theoretical prediction of higher performance than HgCdTe. Here we report the improvement of SL photo diodes through a new design with highly-strained type-II superlattice (HS-T2SL). The HS-T2SL consists of a highly compressively strained thick InSb layer at InAs/GaSb interfaces. The presence of coherent strain shifts the band edges such that the SL energy gap is reduced. This reduced band gap is advantageous to photodetectors because longer cut-off wavelengths can be obtained with reduced layer thickness in the strained SL. The highly compressive strain in HS-T2SL also leads to an even higher optical absorption coefficient and lower dark current. Applying this new design resistance-area product (R0A) is measured as high as 2.1 Ohm-cm2 at 85K for 14.8-μm-cutoff photo diodes without any dark current suppression barriers. The fabricated 14.5μm-cutoff photo diode shows Johnson-noiselimited peak detectivity of 8.4×1010 cmHz1/2/W at zero bias at 85K.
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Yiqiao Chen, Yiqiao Chen, Aaron Moy, Aaron Moy, Kan Mi, Kan Mi, Wentao Lu, Wentao Lu, Peter Chow, Peter Chow, "A highly strained InAs/GaSb type II superlattice for LWIR detection", Proc. SPIE 8876, Nanophotonics and Macrophotonics for Space Environments VII, 887610 (24 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2025514; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2025514

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