9 September 2013 Potential of mask production process for finer pattern fabrication
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Photomask used for optical lithography has been developed for purpose of fabrication a pattern along with finer designed rules and increase the productivity. With regard to pattern fabrication on mask, EB (Electron beam) mask writer has been used because it has high resolution beam. But in producing photomask, minimum pattern size on mask is hits a peak around 40nm by the resolution limit of ArF immersion systems. This value is easy to achieve by current EB writer. So, photomask process with EB writer has gotten attached to increase turnaround time. In next generation lithography such as EUV (Extreme ultraviolet) lithography and Nano-imprint lithography, it is enable to fabricate finer pattern beyond the resolution limit of ArF immersion systems. Thereby the pattern on a mask becomes finer rapidly. According to ITRS 2012, fabrication of finer patterns less than 20nm will be required on EUV mask and on NIL template. Especially in NIL template, less than 15nm pattern will be required half a decade later. But today’s development of EB writer is aiming to increase photomask’s productivity, so we will face a difficulty to fabricate finer pattern in near future. In this paper, we examined a potential of mask production process with EB writer from the view of finer pattern fabrication performances. We succeeded to fabricate hp (half-pitch) 17nm pattern on mask plate by using VSB (Variable Shaped Beam) type EB mask writer with CAR (Chemically Amplified Resist). This result suggests that the photomask fabrication process has the potential for sub-20nm generation mask production.
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Keisuke Yagawa, Keisuke Yagawa, Kunihiro Ugajin, Kunihiro Ugajin, Machiko Suenaga, Machiko Suenaga, Yoshihito Kobayashi, Yoshihito Kobayashi, Takeharu Motokawa, Takeharu Motokawa, Kazuki Hagihara, Kazuki Hagihara, Masato Saito, Masato Saito, Masamitsu Itoh, Masamitsu Itoh, "Potential of mask production process for finer pattern fabrication", Proc. SPIE 8880, Photomask Technology 2013, 88802N (9 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2033257; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2033257

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