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24 October 2013 Investigations on performance of Electron Multiplied CCD detectors (EMCCDs) after radiation for observation of low light star-like objects in scientific space missions
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Abstract
The DLR Institute of Planetary Exploration has proposed a novel design of a space instrument accommodated on a small satellite bus (SSB) that is dedicated to the detection of inner earth objects (IEOs) from a low earth orbit (LEO). The instrument design is based on a focal plane consisting of electron multiplied CCDs (EMCCD) operating at high frame rates for compensation of the spacecraft’s pointing jitter at very low effective readout noise. The CCD detectors operate at a nominal operating temperature of -80°C and at a frame rate of 5fps. It is well known, that CCD detectors are prone to space radiation. However, EMCCD, designed to detect very low light levels of a few electrons, have not yet been used in space. Therefore, investigations have been initiated and performed by DLR for evaluation of the performance of EMCCDs before and after radiation. The main scope of the investigations was the characterization of the charge transfer efficiency (CTE) at low light levels because of its key impact on the detection performance. The non-ionizing dose effects of space high energy particle radiation on the detector were simulated by 60MeV protons at two different fluence levels. The low light-CTE was measured with point light sources without and with background-light.
© (2013) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
H. Michaelis, T. Behnke, S. Mottola, A. Krimlowski, B. Borgs, A. Holland, and M. Schmid "Investigations on performance of Electron Multiplied CCD detectors (EMCCDs) after radiation for observation of low light star-like objects in scientific space missions", Proc. SPIE 8889, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVII, 88891D (24 October 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2030659; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2030659
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