17 October 2013 Recurrent neural networks for automatic clustering of multispectral satellite images
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Abstract
In the present work we applied a recently developed procedure for multidimensional data clustering to multispectral satellite images. The core of our approach lays in projection of the multidimensional image to a two dimensional space. For this purpose we used extensively investigated family of recurrent artificial neural networks (RNN) called “Echo state network” (ESN). ESN incorporates a randomly generated recurrent reservoir with sigmoid nonlinearities of neurons outputs. The procedure called Intrinsic Plasticity (IP) that is aimed at reservoir output entropy maximization was applied for adapting of reservoir steady states to the multidimensional input data. Next we consider all possible combinations between steady states of each two neurons in the reservoir as two-dimensional projections of the original multidimensional data. These low dimensional projections were subjected to subtractive clustering in order to determine number and position of data clusters. Two approaches to choose a proper projection among the all possible combinations between neurons were investigated. The first one is based on the calculation of two-dimensional density distributions of each projection, determination of number of their local maxima and choice of the projections with biggest number of these maxima. The second one applies clustering to all projections and chooses those with maximum number of clusters. Multispectral data from Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) instrument are used in this work. The obtained number and position of clusters of a multi-spectral image of a mountain region in Bulgaria is compared with the regional landscape classification.
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Petia Koprinkova-Hristova, Petia Koprinkova-Hristova, Kiril Alexiev, Kiril Alexiev, Denitsa Borisova, Denitsa Borisova, Georgi Jelev, Georgi Jelev, Valentin Atanassov, Valentin Atanassov, } "Recurrent neural networks for automatic clustering of multispectral satellite images", Proc. SPIE 8892, Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XIX, 88920X (17 October 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2029191; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2029191
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