Ultraviolet (UV) scattering communication is a broadcast communication mode of information transmission by particles
in the atmosphere scattering effect on the blind band ultraviolet light, there are many advantages such as unaffected by
electromagnetic radiation, good confidentiality, non-line-of sight communication. This type communication mainly used
in a short distance, secure communication, which was superior to no line communication in aspect of anti-jamming and
secrecy. Firstly the military requirement of UV scattering communication is analyzed in this paper, The development
trend is introduced, then the composition and working principle of ultraviolet scattering communication system are also
discussed, The key influential factors of UV communication system path transmission loss effects on parameters such as
receiver, transmitter and received beam divergence angle, pitch angle and the communication distance were analyzed.
Attenuation was quantitatively simulated under different atmospheres, communication patterns and structure parameters.
The results show that: transmission distance increases with increasing beam divergence angle and decreasing field angle.
And the received view angle of influence on the communication distance is far greater than the emission beam
divergence angle; transmission distance increases with increasing beam divergence angle and decreasing field and field
angle effects on communication distance is greater than beam divergence angle.