21 August 2013 Design the RS(255,239) encoder and interleaving in the space laser communication system
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Proceedings Volume 8906, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2013: Laser Communication Technologies and Systems; 89061M (2013) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2034226
Event: ISPDI 2013 - Fifth International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging, 2013, Beijing, China
Abstract
Space laser communication is researched by more and more countries. Space laser communication deserves to be researched. We can acquire higher transmission speed and better transmission quality between satellite and satellite, satellite and earth by setting up laser link. But in the space laser communication system,the reliability is under influences of many factors of atmosphere,detector noise, optical platform jitter and other factors. The intensity of the signal which is attenuated because of the long transmission distance is demanded to have higher intensity to acquire low BER. The channel code technology can enhance the anti-interference ability of the system. The theory of channel coding technology is that some redundancies is added to information codes. So it can make use of the checkout polynomial to correct errors at the sink port. It help the system to get low BER rate and coding gain. Reed-Solomon (RS) code is one of the channel code, and it is one kind of multi-ary BCH code, and it can correct both burst errors and random errors, and it is widely used in the error-control schemes. The new method of the RS encoder and interleaving based on the FPGA is proposed, aiming at satisfying the needs of the widely-used error control technology in the space laser communication field. An improved method for Finite Galois Field multiplier of encoding is proposed, and it is suitable for FPGA implementation. Comparison of the XOR gates cost between the optimization and original, the number of XOR gates is lessen more than 40% .Then give a new structure of interleaving by using the FPGA. By controlling the in-data stream and out-data stream of encoder, the asynchronous process of the whole frame is accomplished, while by using multi-level pipeline, the real-time transfer of the data is achieved. By controlling the read-address and write-address of the block RAM, the interleaving operation of the arbitrary depth is synchronously implemented. Compared with the normal method, it could reduce the complexity of the channel encoder and the hardware requirement effectively.
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Yue Lang, Shou-feng Tong, " Design the RS(255,239) encoder and interleaving in the space laser communication system ", Proc. SPIE 8906, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2013: Laser Communication Technologies and Systems, 89061M (21 August 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2034226; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2034226
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