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11 September 2013 Morphological detection method with girdle structure
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Proceedings Volume 8907, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2013: Infrared Imaging and Applications; 890726 (2013) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2032931
Event: ISPDI 2013 - Fifth International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging, 2013, Beijing, China
Abstract
A flat structure element is usually used in the traditional morphological detection. In this processing method, the infrared target is regarded as a single point without considering the imaging characteristics of infrared dim and small target. There is a gray transition zone between target and background. It is unreasonable that the transition region processed as background in the traditional morphological method. So, the infrared dim target detection results are not ideal by using the traditional morphological processing method. Aimed at this problem, the imaging characteristic of infrared dim and small target is analyzed. The Spatial distribution of infrared target gray scale is calculated. The result shows it is a tip package structure. The top peak is the target. Based on theoretical research on the morphological detection, the girdle structure elements are designed. This structure is composed of two circles. The target neighborhood zones are protected in this structure. They do not participate in the morphological calculation. The sixteen external zones are only participated in the calculation. The morphology of infrared target detection method is established based on this neighborhood zoned structure. The designed girdle structure is used in the opening operation and the traditional flat structure is used in the closing operation. The traditional Top-Hat algorithm is improved according to the girdle structure morphology method. And used the real infrared target image, the improved algorithm is simulated. The processed result shows that the girdle structure morphology method is effective in the background noise restraining. In order to evaluate the image processed result quantitatively, the signal noise ratio and signal noise ratio gain factor are used. Accordingly to the calculated result, the improved algorithm compared with the traditional morphological methods, inhibition of complex background with better.
© (2013) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Yong Chen, Gao-shi Yan, and Yu Huo "Morphological detection method with girdle structure", Proc. SPIE 8907, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2013: Infrared Imaging and Applications, 890726 (11 September 2013); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2032931
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