In this paper, scattering influence on hyperspectral imaging quality was analyzed in the spectral range of 0.4μm-2.5μm. Atmospheric simulation was presented and system performance reduction caused by the scattering effect was also quantified. The results show that the scattered light will occupy a large proportion of the system dynamic range and bring additional shot noise, which causes evident SNR attenuation.
Based on the analysis a new SNR model including atmospheric parameters was provided. Hyperspectral imaging quality was calculated with both the new SNR model and the classical SNR model respectively, and comparative study of the two models was given in this paper.
In order to validate the new SNR model, a hyperspectral imaging system and a multiband camera were built, and the imaging experiments were conducted. The results show that the atmospheric scattering effect could lead to significant SNR reduction and contrast attenuation of spectral images, especially at visible bands. Using the new SNR model could allow designers to estimate the system performance more precisely. Corresponding instrument design measures were also proposed based on the analysis and experiments.