15 October 2013 Refractive index insensitive temperature sensor based on coaxial waveguide fiber modal interferometer
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Proceedings Volume 8924, Fourth Asia Pacific Optical Sensors Conference; 89240A (2013) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2034083
Event: Asia Pacific Optical Sensors Conference 2013, 2013, Wuhan, China
Abstract
A refractive index insensitive temperature sensor based on coaxial dual-waveguide optical fiber was proposed and demonstrated. The coaxial fiber contains a central core along the fiber axis and an annular core between the inner/outer claddings. By inserting the coaxial fiber in between two single mode fibers through core-offset splicing, cladding modes are excited at the splice point and therefore a modal Mach-Zehnder interferometer is achieved. The effective refractive index of the inner cladding mode is independent of the external refractive index due to the existence of the annular core. Owing to the large thermo-optic coefficient difference between the coaxial fiber's core and cladding, the modal interferometer has high temperature sensitivity. Such an interferometer is extremely suitable for temperature measurement in wet or liquid environment.
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Ai Zhou, Quan Xu, Tuo Zheng, Jun Yang, Yuanyuan Yang, Libo Yuan, "Refractive index insensitive temperature sensor based on coaxial waveguide fiber modal interferometer", Proc. SPIE 8924, Fourth Asia Pacific Optical Sensors Conference, 89240A (15 October 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2034083; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2034083
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