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4 March 2014 Optical biopsy on head and neck tissue using full-field OCT: a pilot study
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Proceedings Volume 8926, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics X; 892626 (2014) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2036959
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2014, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
Here we evaluate the clinical value of Full-Field OCT imaging in the management of patients with Head and Neck cancers by making a reliable histological diagnosis on FFOCT images produced during preoperative procedure. FFOCT performs a true "virtual extemporaneous exam" that we want to compare to the gold standard (extemporaneous and conventional histology with H and E staining). This new optical technology could be useful when diagnosing a lesion, cancerous or precancerous, or at the time of its surgical management. Full-Field Optical Coherence Tomography virtually slices the tissue using white light interferometry to produce in-depth 2D images with an isotropic resolution around 1 micrometer. With such a high resolution FFOCT systems produce ”optical biopsy” images that are similar to that obtained with classical histology procedures, but without any staining and in only a few minutes. We imaged freshly excised samples from patients, of mouth, tongue, epiglottis and larynx tissues, both healthy and cancerous. FFOCT images were acquired and later compared with histology of the same samples. Common features were identified and characteristics of each tissue type were matched in order to form an image atlas for pathologist training. We were able to identify indicators of tumors such as heterogeneities in cell distribution, surrounding stroma, anomalous keratinization… In conclusion, FFOCT is a fast, non-invasive, non-destructive imaging tool that can be inserted into the pathology lab workflow and can provide a quick assessment of microscopic tissue architecture and content. Furthermore we are developing a similar system with a rigid endoscopic probe in order to do in vivo and in situ high-resolution imaging. Our probe could thus guide the surgeon in real time before and during excision and ensure a more precise gesture.
© (2014) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Frédéric De Leeuw, Anne Latrive, Odile Casiraghi, Malek Ferchiou, Fabrice Harms, Claude Boccara, and Corinne Laplace-Builhé "Optical biopsy on head and neck tissue using full-field OCT: a pilot study", Proc. SPIE 8926, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics X, 892626 (4 March 2014); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2036959
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