4 March 2014 Raman spectroscopy of oral tissues: correlation of spectral and biochemical markers
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Proceedings Volume 8926, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics X; 89262O (2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2052797
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2014, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
Introduction Optical spectroscopic methods are being explored as novel tools for early and non-invasive cancer diagnosis. Both ex vivo and in vivo Raman spectroscopic studies carried out in oral cancer over the past decade have demonstrated that spectra of normal tissues are rich in lipids while tumor spectra show predominance of proteins. An accurate understanding of spectral features with respect to the biochemical composition is a pre-requisite before transferring these technologies for routine clinical usage. Therefore, in the present study, we have carried out Raman and biochemical studies on same tissues to correlate spectral markers and biochemical composition of normal and tumor oral tissues. Materials and Methods Spectra of 20 pairs of normal and tumor oral tissues were acquired using fiber-optic probe coupled HE-785 Raman spectrometer. Intensity associated with lipid (1440 cm-1) and protein (1450 and 1660 cm-1) bands were computed using curve-deconvolution method. Same tissues were then subjected to biochemical estimations of major biomolecules i.e., protein, lipid and phospholipids. Results and Discussion The intensity of the lipid band was found to be higher in normal tissues with respect to tumors, and the protein band was higher in tumors compared to normal tissues. Biochemical estimation yielded similar results i.e. high protein to lipid or phospholipid ratio in tumors with-respect to normal tissues. These differences were found to be statistically significant. Conclusion Findings of curve-deconvolution and biochemical estimation correlate very well and corroborate the spectral profile noted in earlier studies.
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S. P. Singh, C. Murali Krishna, "Raman spectroscopy of oral tissues: correlation of spectral and biochemical markers", Proc. SPIE 8926, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics X, 89262O (4 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2052797; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2052797
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KEYWORDS
Tissues

Proteins

Tumors

Raman spectroscopy

Cancer

Biological research

Spectroscopy

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