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18 February 2014 Guided fluorescence diagnosis of childhood caries: preliminary measures correlate with depth of carious decay
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Proceedings Volume 8929, Lasers in Dentistry XX; 892904 (2014)
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2014, San Francisco, California, United States
The current rise in childhood caries worldwide has increased the demand for portable technologies that can quickly and accurately detect and diagnose early stage carious lesions. These lesions, if identified at an early stage, can be reversed with remineralization treatments, education, and improvements in home care. A multi-modal optical prototype for detecting and diagnosing occlusal caries demineralization in vivo has been developed and pilot tested. The device uses a 405-nm laser as a scanned illumination source to obtain high resolution and high surface contrast reflectance images, which allows the user to quickly image and screen for any signs of demineralized enamel. When a suspicious region is located, the device can be switched to perform dual laser fluorescence spectroscopy using 405-nm and 532-nm laser excitations. These spectra are used to compute an auto-fluorescence (AF) ratio of the suspicious region and the percent difference of AF ratios from a healthy region of the same tooth. The device was tested on 7 children’s teeth in vivo with clinically diagnosed carious lesions. Lesion depth was then visually estimated from the video image using the 405-nm scanned light source, and within a month the maximum drill depth was assessed by a clinician. The researcher and clinicians were masked from previous measurements in a blinded study protocol. Preliminary results show that the ratiometric percent difference measurement of the AF spectrum of the tooth correlates with the severity of the demineralization as assessed by the clinician after drilling.
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Mari-Alina Timoshchuk, Liang Zhang, Brian A. Dickinson, Jeremy S. Ridge, Amy S. Kim, Camille T. Baltuck, Leonard Y. Nelson, Joel H. Berg, and Eric J. Seibel "Guided fluorescence diagnosis of childhood caries: preliminary measures correlate with depth of carious decay", Proc. SPIE 8929, Lasers in Dentistry XX, 892904 (18 February 2014);

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