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27 February 2014 Background fluorescence reduction and absorption correction for fluorescence reflectance imaging
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Intraoperative fluorescence imaging in reflectance geometry (FRI) is an attractive imaging modality as it allows to noninvasively monitor the fluorescence targeted tumors located below the tissue surface. Some drawbacks of this technique are the background fluorescence decreasing the contrast and absorption heterogeneities leading to misinterpretations concerning fluorescence concentrations. We presented a FRI technique relying on a laser line scanning instead of a uniform illumination. Here, we propose a correction technique based on this illumination scheme. We scan the medium with the laser line and acquire at each position of the line both fluorescence and excitation images. We then use the finding that there is a relationship between the excitation intensity profile and the background fluorescence one. This allows us to predict the amount of signal to subtract to the fluorescence images to get a better contrast. As the light absorption information is contained both in fluorescence and excitation images, this method also permits us to correct the effects of absorption heterogeneities, leading to a better accuracy for the detection. This technique has been validated on simulations (with a Monte-Carlo code and with the diffusion approxi- mation using NIRFAST) and experimentally with tissue-like liquid phantoms with different levels of background fluorescence. Fluorescent inclusions are observed in several configurations at depths ranging from 1 mm to 1 cm. Results obtained with this technique are compared to those obtained with a more classical wide-field detection scheme for the contrast enhancement and to the fluorescence to excitation ratio approach for the absorption correction.
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F. Fantoni, L. Hervé, V. Poher, S. Gioux, J. I. Mars, and J. M. Dinten "Background fluorescence reduction and absorption correction for fluorescence reflectance imaging", Proc. SPIE 8935, Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic Systems XII, 89350Z (27 February 2014);

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