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4 March 2014 Real-time depth-resolved fiber optic Raman endoscopy for in vivo diagnosis of gastric precancer
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Raman spectroscopy represents a unique optical vibrational technique based on the fundamental premise of inelastic light scattering. Raman spectroscopy enables histopathological assessment at the biomolecular level. We have developed a fiber-optic depth-resolved near-infrared (NIR) Raman endoscopy technique integrated with on-line diagnostic algorithms for in vivo real-time epithelial diagnostics under multimodal wide-field imaging (i.e., white light reflectance (WLR), narrow-band imaging (NBI), autofluorescence imaging (AFI)) modalities. A selection of 450 patients who previously underwent Raman endoscopy (n=1900 spectra) was used to render diagnostic models for identifying gastric precancer (i.e., dysplasia) based on probabilistic partial least squares (PLS) - discriminant analysis (DA). The on-line Raman endoscopy technique was tested prospectively on (n=5) patients for real-time in vivo gastric epithelium tissue diagnosis. The fiber-optic confocal Raman endoscopic technique developed could prospectively identify gastric dysplasia in real-time with a sensitivity: 81.3% (61/75) and specificity 88.3% (188/213) on spectrum basis. On lesion basis, all dysplastic lesions were identified. This study successfully demonstrates for the first time the prospective real-time in vivo diagnosis of gastric precancer using depth-resolved Raman endoscopy.
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Mads Sylvest Bergholt, Wei Zheng, Khek Yu Ho, Khay Guan Yeoh, Ming Teh, Jimmy Bok Yan So, and Zhiwei Huang "Real-time depth-resolved fiber optic Raman endoscopy for in vivo diagnosis of gastric precancer", Proc. SPIE 8939, Biomedical Vibrational Spectroscopy VI: Advances in Research and Industry, 89390M (4 March 2014);

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