26 February 2014 Melanin microcavitation threshold in the near infrared
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Abstract
Thresholds for microcavitation of isolated bovine and porcine melanosomes were determined using single nanosecond (ns) laser pulses in the NIR (1000 – 1319 nm) wavelength regime. Average fluence thresholds for microcavitation increased non-linearly with increasing wavelength. Average fluence thresholds were also measured for 10-ns pulses at 532 nm, and found to be comparable to visible ns pulse values published in previous reports. Fluence thresholds were used to calculate melanosome absorption coefficients, which decreased with increasing wavelength. This trend was found to be comparable to the decrease in retinal pigmented epithelial (RPE) layer absorption coefficients reported over the same wavelength region. Estimated corneal total intraocular energy (TIE) values were determined and compared to the current and proposed maximum permissible exposure (MPE) safe exposure levels. Results from this study support the proposed changes to the MPE levels.
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Morgan S. Schmidt, Paul K. Kennedy, Rebecca L. Vincelette, Kurt J. Schuster, Gary D. Noojin, Andrew W. Wharmby, Robert J. Thomas, Benjamin A. Rockwell, "Melanin microcavitation threshold in the near infrared", Proc. SPIE 8941, Optical Interactions with Tissue and Cells XXV; and Terahertz for Biomedical Applications, 894109 (26 February 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2036287; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2036287
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