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3 March 2014 Photoacoustic tomography of vascular therapy in a preclinical mouse model of colorectal carcinoma
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Vascular therapy in oncology exploits the differences between normal blood vessels and abnormal tumour neoangiogenesis to selectively target cancer. For optimal treatment efficacy, and translation of novel compounds, the response of the tumour vasculature needs to be assessed. Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) is capable of this as it provides highly spatially resolved 3D images of vascular networks in biological tissue to cm depths. In preclinical models of cancer this is sufficient to encompass entire subcutaneous tumours, and can therefore be used to evaluate pharmacological intervention directed at the vasculature. In this study the vascular disrupting agent OXi4503 was used to treat subcutaneous tumour mouse models of two human colorectal carcinoma tumour types (SW1222, LS174T) at a range of concentrations (40mg/kg, 10mg/kg, 1mg/kg and sham dose control). The characteristic destruction of tumour vasculature caused by OXi4503 was observed by PAT and confirmed ex vivo via histology. Differences observed between the two tumour types assessed demonstrate the importance of tumour microenvironment and pathophysiology on response to therapy. Differential response to different doses of OXi4503 was observed, with outward tumour growth only seen once entire tumour viability had been re-established; this demonstrates the potential of PAT to act as a biomarker of response for the translation of novel anti-vascular compounds and also within the clinic. This study shows clearly that PAT can accurately assess the time course of drug action and relapse of pharmacodynamic effect in preclinical models of cancer and the important translational prospects for vascular targeted tumour therapies.
© (2014) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
S. P. Johnson, O. Ogunlade, E. Zhang, J. Laufer, V. Rajkumar, R. B. Pedley, and P. Beard "Photoacoustic tomography of vascular therapy in a preclinical mouse model of colorectal carcinoma", Proc. SPIE 8943, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2014, 89431R (3 March 2014);

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