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3 March 2014 Classification algorithm of ovarian tissue based on co-registered ultrasound and photoacoustic tomography
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Human ovarian tissue features extracted from photoacoustic spectra data, beam envelopes and co-registered ultrasound and photoacoustic images are used to characterize cancerous vs. normal processes using a support vector machine (SVM) classifier. The centers of suspicious tumor areas are estimated from the Gaussian fitting of the mean Radon transforms of the photoacoustic image along 0 and 90 degrees. Normalized power spectra are calculated using the Fourier transform of the photoacoustic beamformed data across these suspicious areas, where the spectral slope and 0-MHz intercepts are extracted. Image statistics, envelope histogram fitting and maximum output of 6 composite filters of cancerous or normal patterns along with other previously used features are calculated to compose a total of 17 features. These features are extracted from 169 datasets of 19 ex vivo ovaries. Half of the cancerous and normal datasets are randomly chosen to train a SVM classifier with polynomial kernel and the remainder is used for testing. With 50 times data resampling, the SVM classifier, for the training group, gives 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity. For the testing group, it gives 89.68± 6.37% sensitivity and 93.16± 3.70% specificity. These results are superior to those obtained earlier by our group using features extracted from photoacoustic raw data or image statistics only.
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Hai Li, Patrick D. Kumavor, Umar Alqasemi, and Quing Zhu "Classification algorithm of ovarian tissue based on co-registered ultrasound and photoacoustic tomography", Proc. SPIE 8943, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2014, 894349 (3 March 2014);

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