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3 March 2014 Functional connectivity in the mouse brain imaged by B-mode photoacoustic microscopy
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Abstract
The increasing use of mouse models for human brain disease studies, coupled with the fact that existing functional imaging modalities cannot be easily applied to mice, presents an emerging need for a new functional imaging modality. Utilizing acoustic-resolution photoacoustic microscopy (AR-PAM), we imaged spontaneous cerebral hemodynamic fluctuations and their associated functional connections in the mouse brain. The images were acquired noninvasively in B-scan mode with a fast frame rate, a large field of view, and a high spatial resolution. At a location relative to the bregma 0, correlations were investigated inter-hemispherically between bilaterally homologous regions, as well as intra-hemispherically within the same functional regions. The functional connectivity in different functional regions was studied. The locations of these regions agreed well with the Paxinos mouse brain atlas. The functional connectivity map obtained in this study can then be used in the investigation of brain disorders such as stroke, Alzheimer’s, schizophrenia, multiple sclerosis, autism, and epilepsy. Our experiments show that photoacoustic microscopy is capable to detect connectivities between different functional regions in B-scan mode, promising a powerful functional imaging modality for future brain research.
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Mohammadreza Nasiriavanaki, Wenxin Xing, Jun Xia, and Lihong V. Wang "Functional connectivity in the mouse brain imaged by B-mode photoacoustic microscopy", Proc. SPIE 8943, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2014, 894364 (3 March 2014); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2036638
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