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3 March 2014 On mimicking diffuse reflectance spectra in the visible and near-infrared ranges for tissue-like phantom design
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A novel methodology is presented to mimic diffuse reflectance spectra of arbitrary biological tissues in the visible and near-infrared ranges. The prerequisite for this method is that the spectral information of basic components is sufficient to mimic an arbitrary tissue. Using a sterile disposable fiber optic probe the diffuse reflectance spectrum of a tissue (either in vivo or ex vivo) is measured, which forms the target spectrum. With the same type of fiber probe, a wide variety of basic components (ingredients) has been previously measured and all together forms a spectral database. A “recipe” for the optimal mixture of ingredients can then be derived using an algorithm that fits the absorption and scattering behavior of the target spectrum using the spectra of the basic components in the database. The spectral mimicking accuracy refines by adding more ingredients to the database. The validity of the principle is demonstrated by mimicking an arbitrary mixture of components. The method can be applied with different kinds of materials, e.g. gelatins, waxes and silicones, thus providing the possibility of mimicking the mechanical properties of target tissues as well. The algorithm can be extended from single point contact spectral measurement to contactless multi- and hyper-spectral camera acquisition. It can be applied to produce portable and durable tissue-like phantoms that provides consistent results over time for calibration, demonstration, comparison of instruments or other such tasks. They are also more readily available than living tissue or a cadaver and are not so limited by ease of handling and legislation; hence they are highly useful when developing new devices.
© (2014) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
N. Debernardi, P. Dunias, B. van El, and A. E. Statham "On mimicking diffuse reflectance spectra in the visible and near-infrared ranges for tissue-like phantom design", Proc. SPIE 8945, Design and Performance Validation of Phantoms Used in Conjunction with Optical Measurement of Tissue VI, 89450C (3 March 2014);

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