26 February 2014 Linking cell shape, elasticity and fate: in vitro re-differentiation of chondrocytes
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Abstract
Autologous chondrocyte transplantation (ACT) has become a promising method for repairing large articular defects. However, dedifferentiation of chondrocytes during cell expansion remains a major limitation for ACT procedures. In this study, we explore the potential of confining cell shape for re-differentiation of dedifferentiated bovine chondrocytes. A novel culture system, combining 2D micropatterning with 3D matrix formation, was developed to control and maintain individual chondrocyte’s shape. Both collagen II synthesis and the mechanical properties of cells were monitored during re-differentiation. We show that a spherical morphology without cell spreading plays a limited role in induction of re-differentiation. Instead, isolated, dedifferentiated chondrocytes partially regain chondrogenic properties if they have an appropriate cell shape and limited spreading.
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Xiaofei Yuan, Yahua Chim, Huabing Yin, "Linking cell shape, elasticity and fate: in vitro re-differentiation of chondrocytes", Proc. SPIE 8946, Optical Elastography and Tissue Biomechanics, 89460M (26 February 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2039859; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2039859
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