4 March 2014 Fluorescence interference contrast based approach to study real time interaction of melittin with plasma membranes
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Melittin is an anti-bacterial and hemolytic toxic peptide found in bee venom. Cell lysis behavior of peptides has been widely investigated, but the exact interaction mechanism of lytic peptides with lipid membranes and its constituents has not been understood completely. In this paper we study the melittin interaction with lipid plasma membranes in real time using non-invasive and non-contact fluorescence interference contrast microscopy (FLIC). Particularly the interaction of melittin with plasma membranes was studied in a controlled molecular environment, where these plasma membrane were composed of saturated lipid, 1,2-diphytanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPhPC) and unsaturated lipid, 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine(DOPC) with and without cholesterol. We found out that melittin starts to form nanometer size pores in the plasma membranes shortly after interacting with membranes. But the addition of cholesterol in plasma membrane slows down the pore formation process. Our results show that inclusion of cholesterol to the plasma membranes make them more resilient towards pore formation and lysis of membrane.
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Sharad Gupta, Sharad Gupta, Dong Gui, Dong Gui, Roya Zandi, Roya Zandi, Sarjeet Gill, Sarjeet Gill, Umar Mohideen, Umar Mohideen, "Fluorescence interference contrast based approach to study real time interaction of melittin with plasma membranes", Proc. SPIE 8947, Imaging, Manipulation, and Analysis of Biomolecules, Cells, and Tissues XII, 894723 (4 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2038483; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2038483

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