12 March 2014 Quantitative phase microscopy: how to make phase data meaningful
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Abstract
The continued development of hardware and associated image processing techniques for quantitative phase microscopy has allowed superior phase data to be acquired that readily shows dynamic optical volume changes and enables particle tracking. Recent efforts have focused on tying phase data and associated metrics to cell morphology. One challenge in measuring biological objects using interferometrically obtained phase information is achieving consistent phase unwrapping and background shape removal throughout a sequence of images. Work has been done to improve the phase unwrapping in two-dimensions and correct for temporal discrepanices using a temporal unwrapping procedure. The residual background shape due to mean value fluctuations and residual tilts can be removed automatically using a simple object characterization algorithm. Once the phase data are processed consistently, it is then possible to characterize biological samples such as myocytes and myoblasts in terms of their size, texture and optical volume and track those features dynamically. By observing optical volume dynamically it is possible to determine the presence of objects such as vesicles within myoblasts even when they are co-located with other objects. Quantitative phase microscopy provides a label-free mechanism to characterize living cells and their morphology in dynamic environments, however it is critical to connect the measured phase to important biological function for this measurement modality to prove useful to a broader scientific community. In order to do so, results must be highly consistent and require little to no user manipulation to achieve high quality nynerical results that can be combined with other imaging modalities.
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Goldie Goldstein, Katherine Creath, "Quantitative phase microscopy: how to make phase data meaningful", Proc. SPIE 8949, Three-Dimensional and Multidimensional Microscopy: Image Acquisition and Processing XXI, 89491C (12 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2042103; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2042103
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