28 February 2014 Self-Raman Nd:YVO4 laser and electro-optic technology for space-based sodium lidar instrument
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Abstract
We are developing a laser and electro-optic technology to remotely measure Sodium (Na) by adapting existing lidar technology with space flight heritage. The developed instrumentation will serve as the core for the planning of an Heliophysics mission targeted to study the composition and dynamics of Earth’s mesosphere based on a spaceborne lidar that will measure the mesospheric Na layer. We present performance results from our diode-pumped tunable Q-switched self-Raman c-cut Nd:YVO4 laser with intra-cavity frequency doubling that produces multi-watt 589 nm wavelength output. The c-cut Nd:YVO4 laser has a fundamental wavelength that is tunable from 1063-1067 nm. A CW External Cavity diode laser is used as a injection seeder to provide single-frequency grating tunable output around 1066 nm. The injection-seeded self-Raman shifted Nd:VO4 laser is tuned across the sodium vapor D2 line at 589 nm. We will review technologies that provide strong leverage for the sodium lidar laser system with strong heritage from the Ice Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2) Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter System (ATLAS). These include a space-qualified frequency-doubled 9W @ 532 nm wavelength Nd:YVO4 laser, a tandem interference filter temperature-stabilized fused-silica-etalon receiver and high-bandwidth photon-counting detectors.
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Michael A. Krainak, Michael A. Krainak, Anthony W. Yu, Anthony W. Yu, Diego Janches, Diego Janches, Sarah L. Jones, Sarah L. Jones, Branimir Blagojevic, Branimir Blagojevic, Jeffrey Chen, Jeffrey Chen, } "Self-Raman Nd:YVO4 laser and electro-optic technology for space-based sodium lidar instrument", Proc. SPIE 8959, Solid State Lasers XXIII: Technology and Devices, 89590I (28 February 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2041453; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2041453
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