20 February 2014 Difference frequency generation of Mid-IR radiation in PPLN crystals using a dual-wavelength all-fiber amplifier
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Abstract
We present a method of generating mid-IR radiation by means of nonlinear difference frequency generation (DFG) effects occurring in periodically polled lithium niobate (PPLN) crystals using an all-fiber dual-wavelength amplifier. The presented mid-IR laser source incorporates an unique double-clad (DC) Erbium and Ytterbium (Er-Yb) doped amplifier stage capable of simultaneous amplification of both wavelengths required in the DFG process - 1064 nm and 1550 nm. The amplifier delivered more than 23.7 dB and 14.4 dB of amplification for 1550 nm and 1064 nm wavelength, low power, off-the-shelf, fiber pigtailed, distributed feedback (DFB) laser diodes, respectively. The dual-wavelength amplifier parameters crucial for the DFG process were investigated, including long-term power and polarization instabilities and optical spectrum characteristics of both amplified wavelengths. The DFG setup used a single collimator radiation delivery scheme and an 40 mm long MgO doped PPLN crystal. In effect the DFG source was capable of generating 1.14 mW of radiation centered around 3.4 μm. The overall performance of the mid-IR source was elaborated by performing sensitive Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS) detection of methane (CH4) in ambient air on an free-space optical path-length of 8 m. The measured detection limit of the sensor was 26 ppbv with a 1σ SNR of 69.
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Karol Krzempek, Karol Krzempek, Grzegorz Soboń, Grzegorz Soboń, Grzegorz Dudzik, Grzegorz Dudzik, Jaroslaw Sotor, Jaroslaw Sotor, Krzysztof M. Abramski, Krzysztof M. Abramski, } "Difference frequency generation of Mid-IR radiation in PPLN crystals using a dual-wavelength all-fiber amplifier", Proc. SPIE 8964, Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials, Devices, and Applications XIII, 89641U (20 February 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2040925; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2040925
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