6 March 2014 Fabricating fiber Bragg gratings using phase modulated direct UV writing
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Abstract
The authors present a direct UV writing approach to fabricate fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) and gratings in photolithographic waveguides. The technique uses two coherent UV beams, which are focused to a small spot (~7μm diameter) at the point at which they overlap. The resulting interference pattern at the foci consists of fringes which are used to define several grating planes per exposure, giving greater design flexibility and a significantly larger accessible spectral range compared to traditional approaches. The typical index contrast during grating fabrication is observed to be 4.7×10-3, at writing speeds of 8 mm/min.
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C. Holmes, C. Sima, P. L. Mennea, L. G. Carpenter, J. C. Gates, P. G. R. Smith, "Fabricating fiber Bragg gratings using phase modulated direct UV writing", Proc. SPIE 8968, Laser-based Micro- and Nanoprocessing VIII, 896808 (6 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2040578; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2040578
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