6 March 2014 Femtosecond laser fabricated microfluorescence-activated cell sorter for single cell recovery
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Abstract
Manipulation, sorting and recovering of specific live cells from samples containing less than a few thousand cells is becoming a major hurdle in rare cell exploration such as stem cell research or cell based diagnostics. Moreover the possibility of recovering single specific cells for culturing and further analysis would be of great impact in many biological fields ranging from regenerative medicine to cancer therapy. In recent years considerable effort has been devoted to the development of integrated and low-cost optofluidic devices able to handle single cells, which usually rely on microfluidic circuits that guarantee a controlled flow of the cells. Among the different microfabrication technologies, femtosecond laser micromachining (FLM) is ideally suited for this purpose as it provides the integration of both microfluidic and optical functions on the same glass chip leading to monolithic, robust and portable devices. Here a new optofluidic device is presented, which is capable of sorting and recovering of single cells, through optical forces, on the basis of their fluorescence and. Both fluorescence detection and single cell sorting functions are integrated in the microfluidic chip by FLM. The device, which is specifically designed to operate with a limited amount of cells but with a very high selectivity, is fabricated by a two-step process that includes femtosecond laser irradiation followed by chemical etching. The capability of the device to act as a micro fluorescence-activated cell sorter has been tested on polystyrene beads and on tumor cells and the results on the single live cell recovery are reported.
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F. Bragheri, F. Bragheri, P. Paiè, P. Paiè, G. Nava, G. Nava, T. Yang, T. Yang, P. Minzioni, P. Minzioni, R. Martinez Vazquez, R. Martinez Vazquez, N. Bellini, N. Bellini, R. Ramponi, R. Ramponi, I. Cristiani, I. Cristiani, R. Osellame, R. Osellame, } "Femtosecond laser fabricated microfluorescence-activated cell sorter for single cell recovery", Proc. SPIE 8976, Microfluidics, BioMEMS, and Medical Microsystems XII, 89760M (6 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2039626; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2039626
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