6 March 2014 Combining optical trapping in a microfluidic channel with simultaneous micro-Raman spectroscopy and motion detection
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Abstract
Since their invention by Ashkin optical tweezers have demonstrated their ability and versatility as a non-invasive tool for micromanipulation. One of the most useful additions to the basic optical tweezers system is micro-Raman spectroscopy, which permits highly sensitive analysis of single cells or particles. We report on the development of a dual laser system combining two spatial light modulators to holographically manipulate multiple traps (at 1064nm) whilst undertaking Raman spectroscopy using a 532nm laser. We can thus simultaneously trap multiple particles and record their Raman spectra, without perturbing the trapping system. The dual beam system is built around micro-fluidic channels where crystallisation of calcium carbonate occurs on polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) beads. The setup is designed to simulate at a microscopic level the reactions that occur on items in a dishwasher, where permanent filming of calcium carbonate on drinking glasses is a problem. Our system allows us to monitor crystal growth on trapped particles in which the Raman spectrum and changes in movement of the bead are recorded. Due to the expected low level of crystallisation on the bead surfaces this allows us to obtain results quickly and with high sensitivity. The long term goal is to study the development of filming on samples in-situ with the microfl.uidic system acting as a model dishwasher.
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Penelope F. Lawton, Penelope F. Lawton, Christopher D. Saunter, Christopher D. Saunter, John M. Girkin, John M. Girkin, } "Combining optical trapping in a microfluidic channel with simultaneous micro-Raman spectroscopy and motion detection", Proc. SPIE 8976, Microfluidics, BioMEMS, and Medical Microsystems XII, 89760V (6 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2037022; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2037022
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