7 March 2014 FPGA-accelerated adaptive optics wavefront control
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 8978, MEMS Adaptive Optics VIII; 897802 (2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2038910
Event: SPIE MOEMS-MEMS, 2014, San Francisco, California, United States
The speed of real-time adaptive optical systems is primarily restricted by the data processing hardware and computational aspects. Furthermore, the application of mirror layouts with increasing numbers of actuators reduces the bandwidth (speed) of the system and, thus, the number of applicable control algorithms. This burden turns out a key-impediment for deformable mirrors with continuous mirror surface and highly coupled actuator influence functions. In this regard, specialized hardware is necessary for high performance real-time control applications. Our approach to overcome this challenge is an adaptive optics system based on a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor (SHWFS) with a CameraLink interface. The data processing is based on a high performance Intel Core i7 Quadcore hard real-time Linux system. Employing a Xilinx Kintex-7 FPGA, an own developed PCie card is outlined in order to accelerate the analysis of a Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensor. A recently developed real-time capable spot detection algorithm evaluates the wavefront. The main features of the presented system are the reduction of latency and the acceleration of computation For example, matrix multiplications which in general are of complexity O(n3 are accelerated by using the DSP48 slices of the field-programmable gate array (FPGA) as well as a novel hardware implementation of the SHWFS algorithm. Further benefits are the Streaming SIMD Extensions (SSE) which intensively use the parallelization capability of the processor for further reducing the latency and increasing the bandwidth of the closed-loop. Due to this approach, up to 64 actuators of a deformable mirror can be handled and controlled without noticeable restriction from computational burdens.
© (2014) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
S. Mauch, J. Reger, C. Reinlein, M. Appelfelder, M. Goy, E. Beckert, A. Tünnermann, "FPGA-accelerated adaptive optics wavefront control", Proc. SPIE 8978, MEMS Adaptive Optics VIII, 897802 (7 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2038910; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2038910

Field programmable gate arrays

Adaptive optics

Analog electronics

Deformable mirrors


Wavefront sensors



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