7 March 2014 Broadband photosensor with a tunable frequency range, built on the basis of nanoscale carbon structure with field localization
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Proceedings Volume 8982, Optical Components and Materials XI; 89821V (2014) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2038625
Event: SPIE OPTO, 2014, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
The work is devoted to the development of a new direction in creating of broadband photo sensors which distinctive feature is the possibility of dynamic adjustment of operating frequency range. The author’s results of study of red threshold control of classic photoelectric effect were the basis for the work implementation. This effect was predicted theoretically and observed experimentally during irradiation of nanoscale carbon structure of planar-edge type by stream of low-energy photons. The variation of the accelerating voltage within a small range allows you to change photoelectric threshold for carbon in a wide range - from UV to IR. This is the consequence of the localization of electrostatic field at tip of the blade planar structure and of changes in the conditions of non-equilibrium electrons tunneling from the boundary surface of the cathode into the vacuum. The generation of nonequilibrium electrons in the carbon film thickness of 20 nm has a high speed which provides high performance of photodetector. The features of the use of nanoscale carbon structure photocurrent registration as in the prethreshold regime, and in the mode of field emission existence are discussed. The results of simulation and experimental examination of photosensor samples are given. It is shown that the observed effect is a single-photon tunneling. This in combination with the possibility of highspeed dynamic tuning determines the good perspectives for creation of new devices working in the mode of select multiple operating spectral bands for the signal recording. The architecture of such devices is expected to be significantly simpler than the conventional ones, based on the use of tunable filters.
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Alexander N. Yakunin, Garif G. Akchurin, Nikolay P. Aban’shin, Boris I. Gorfinkel, "Broadband photosensor with a tunable frequency range, built on the basis of nanoscale carbon structure with field localization", Proc. SPIE 8982, Optical Components and Materials XI, 89821V (7 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2038625; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2038625
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