7 March 2014 Principles of perfect and ultrathin anti-reflection with applications to transparent electrode
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Anti-reflection(AR), a well-known technique of reducing unwanted reflections by applying an impedance matching layer, works for a specific wavelength and require the coating layer to be a quarter wavelength thick. A broadband operation of AR, however, is not fully understood except for the trial and error method. Here, we present a systematic analytic method of AR without the restriction of wavelength or thickness, i.e. achieving a perfect AR. Specifically, we find analytic permittivity and permeability profiles that remove any given impedance mismatch at the interface between two different dielectrics in a frequency independent way. Ultra-thin AR coating is also shown to be possible and confirmed experimentally with the l/25-wavelength thick AR coating layer made of metamaterials. We apply the concept of ultrathin double layer AR to the transparent conducting electrode, which we demonstrate by fabricating a low reflective dielectric/metal-layered electrode that provides significant electrical conductivity and light transparency.
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Kyoung-Ho Kim, Kyoung-Ho Kim, Q-Han Park, Q-Han Park, "Principles of perfect and ultrathin anti-reflection with applications to transparent electrode", Proc. SPIE 8984, Ultrafast Phenomena and Nanophotonics XVIII, 89840V (7 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2036070; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2036070

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