8 March 2014 Impact of extended defects on optical properties of (1-101)GaN grown on patterned Si
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Abstract
The optical quality of semipolar (1 101)GaN layers was explored by time- and polarization-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy. High intensity bandedge emission was observed in +c-wing regions of the stripes as a result of better structural quality, while -c-wing regions were found to be of poorer optical quality due to basal plane and prismatic stacking faults (BSFs and PSFs) in addition to a high density of TDs. The high optical quality region formed on the +cwings was evidenced also from the much slower biexponential PL decays (0.22 ns and 1.70 ns) and an order of magnitude smaller amplitude ratio of the fast decay (nonradiative origin) to the slow decay component (radiative origin) compared to the -c-wing regions. In regard to defect-related emission, decay times for the BSF and PSF emission lines at 25 K (~ 0.80 ns and ~ 3.5 ns, respectively) were independent of the excitation density within the range employed (5 – 420 W/cm2), and much longer than that for the donor bound excitons (0.13 ns at 5 W/cm2 and 0.22 ns at 420 W/cm2). It was also found that the emission from BSFs had lower polarization degree (0.22) than that from donor bound excitons (0.35). The diminution of the polarization degree when photogenerated carriers recombine within the BSFs is another indication of the negative effects of stacking faults on the optical quality of the semipolar (1101)GaN. In addition, spatial distribution of defects in semipolar (1101)-oriented InGaN active region layers grown on stripe patterned Si substrates was investigated using near-field scanning optical microscopy. The optical quality of -c- wing regions was found to be worse compared to +c-wing regions due to the presence of higher density of stacking faults and threading dislocations. The emission from the +c-wings was very bright and relatively uniform across the sample, which is indicative of a homogeneous In distribution.
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S. Okur, S. Okur, N. Izyumskaya, N. Izyumskaya, F. Zhang, F. Zhang, V. Avrutin, V. Avrutin, S. Metzner, S. Metzner, C. Karbaum, C. Karbaum, F. Bertram, F. Bertram, J. Christen, J. Christen, H. Morkoç, H. Morkoç, Ü. Özgür, Ü. Özgür, } "Impact of extended defects on optical properties of (1-101)GaN grown on patterned Si", Proc. SPIE 8986, Gallium Nitride Materials and Devices IX, 89862B (8 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2040621; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2040621
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