8 March 2014 Efficient magneto-optical mode converter on glass
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Abstract
The integration of magneto-optical materials to realize non-reciprocal functions is still a difficult problem, because classical magneto-optical materials require an annealing temperature as high as 700°C. In this framework, this study shows how it is possible to realize efficient magneto-optical mode converter using the association of a magnetic nanoparticles silica/zirconia composite with an ion-exchanged glass waveguide. Using a sol gel process, a silica/zirconia matrix is doped by magnetic nanoparticles (CoFe2O4) and coated on a glass substrate containing straight channel waveguides made by a silver/sodium ion exchange. The extremities of the guides were previously buried using electric field-assisted burial in order to facilitate light injection. Soft annealing (90°C) and UV treatment, both compatible with the ion exchange process, have been implemented to finalize the magneto-optical film. Depending on the amount of nanoparticles in the composite, on the spatial distribution of the field in the guide and on the modal birefringence of the hybrid structure, the TE-TM conversion varies from several degrees to several tens of degrees.
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Jean Philippe Garayt, Jean Philippe Garayt, François Parsy, François Parsy, Damien Jamon, Damien Jamon, Sophie Neveu, Sophie Neveu, François Royer, François Royer, Elise Ghibaudo, Elise Ghibaudo, Jean-Emmanuel Broquin, Jean-Emmanuel Broquin, } "Efficient magneto-optical mode converter on glass", Proc. SPIE 8988, Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XVIII, 89880F (8 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2037699; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2037699
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