The papers included in this volume were part of the technical conference cited on the cover and title page. Papers were selected and subject to review by the editors and conference program committee. Some conference presentations may not be available for publication. The papers published in these proceedings reflect the work and thoughts of the authors and are published herein as submitted. The publisher is not responsible for the validity of the information or for any outcomes resulting from reliance thereon.
Please use the following format to cite material from this book:
Author(s), “Title of Paper,” in Silicon Photonics IX, edited by Joel Kubby, Graham T. Reed, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 8990 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2014) Article CID Number.
P.O. Box 10, Bellingham, Washington 98227-0010 USA
Telephone +1 360 676 3290 (Pacific Time) · Fax +1 360 647 1445
Copyright © 2014, Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.
Copying of material in this book for internal or personal use, or for the internal or personal use of specific clients, beyond the fair use provisions granted by the U.S. Copyright Law is authorized by SPIE subject to payment of copying fees. The Transactional Reporting Service base fee for this volume is $18.00 per article (or portion thereof), which should be paid directly to the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923. Payment may also be made electronically through CCC Online at copyright.com. Other copying for republication, resale, advertising or promotion, or any form of systematic or multiple reproduction of any material in this book is prohibited except with permission in writing from the publisher. The CCC fee code is 0277-786X/14/$18.00.
Printed in the United States of America.
Publication of record for individual papers is online in the SPIE Digital Library.
Paper Numbering: Proceedings of SPIE follow an e-First publication model, with papers published first online and then in print and on CD-ROM. Papers are published as they are submitted and meet publication criteria. A unique, consistent, permanent citation identifier (CID) number is assigned to each article at the time of the first publication. Utilization of CIDs allows articles to be fully citable as soon as they are published online, and connects the same identifier to all online, print, and electronic versions of the publication. SPIE uses a six-digit CID article numbering system in which:
■ The first four digits correspond to the SPIE volume number.
■ The last two digits indicate publication order within the volume using a Base 36 numbering system employing both numerals and letters. These two-number sets start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B … 0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc.
The CID Number appears on each page of the manuscript. The complete citation is used on the first page, and an abbreviated version on subsequent pages. Numbers in the index correspond to the last two digits of the six-digit CID Number.
David L. Andrews, University of East Anglia Norwich (United Kingdom)
Alexei L. Glebov, OptiGrate Corporation (United States)
Program Track Chair
Joel Kubby, University of California, Santa Cruz (United States)
Graham T. Reed, University of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Conference Program Committee
Laurence W. Cahill, La Trobe University (Australia)
Philippe M. Fauchet, Vanderbilt University (United States)
L. Cary Gunn, Genalyte, Inc. (United States)
Siegfried Janz, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Andrew P. Knights, McMaster University (Canada)
Laura Maria Lechuga, Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (Spain)
Sebania Libertino, Istituto per la Microelettronica e Microsistemi (Italy)
Goran Z. Mashanovich, University of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Ching Eng J. Png, A*STAR Institute of High Performance Computing (Singapore)
Andrew W. Poon, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (Hong Kong, China)
Haisheng Rong, Intel Corporation (United States)
Holger Schmidt, University of California, Santa Cruz (United States)
Dan-Xia Xu, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Zhiping Zhou, Peking University (China)