19 February 2014 Application of plasmonic subwavelength structuring to enhance infrared detection
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Abstract
Nanoantennas are an enabling technology for visible to terahertz components and may be used with a variety of detector materials. We have integrated subwavelength patterned metal nanoantennas with various detector materials for infrared detection: midwave infrared indium gallium arsenide antimonide detectors, longwave infrared graphene detectors, and shortwave infrared germanium detectors. Nanoantennas offer a means to make infrared detectors much thinner, thus lowering the dark current and improving performance. The nanoantenna converts incoming plane waves to more tightly bound and concentrated surface waves. The active material only needs to extend as far as these bound fields. In the case of graphene detectors, which are only one or two atomic layers thick, such field concentration is a necessity for usable device performance, as single pass absorption is insufficient. The nanoantenna is thus the enabling component of these thin devices. However nanoantenna integration and fabrication vary considerably across these platforms as do the considerations taken into account during design. Here we discuss the motivation for these devices and show examples for the three material systems. Characterization results are included for the midwave infrared detector.
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David W. Peters, David W. Peters, Paul S. Davids, Paul S. Davids, Jin K. Kim, Jin K. Kim, Darin Leonhardt, Darin Leonhardt, Thomas E. Beechem, Thomas E. Beechem, Stephen W. Howell, Stephen W. Howell, Taisuke Ohta, Taisuke Ohta, Joel R. Wendt, Joel R. Wendt, John A. Montoya, John A. Montoya, } "Application of plasmonic subwavelength structuring to enhance infrared detection", Proc. SPIE 8994, Photonic and Phononic Properties of Engineered Nanostructures IV, 899419 (19 February 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2040727; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2040727
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