19 February 2014 Long-distance continuous-variable quantum key distribution with advanced reconciliation of a Gaussian modulation
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Abstract
The two-way continuous-variable quantum key distribution (CVQKD) systems allow higher key rates and improved transmission distances over standard telecommunication networks in comparison to the one-way CVQKD protocols. To exploit the real potential of two-way CVQKD systems a robust reconciliation technique is needed. It is currently unavailable, which makes it impossible to reach the real performance of a two-way CVQKD system. The reconciliation process of correlated Gaussian variables is a complex problem that requires either tomography in the physical layer that is intractable in a practical scenario, or high-cost calculations in the multidimensional spherical space with strict dimensional limitations. To avoid these issues, we propose an efficient logical layer-based reconciliation method for two-way CVQKD to extract binary information from correlated Gaussian variables. We demonstrate that by operating on the raw-data level, the noise of the quantum channel can be corrected in the scalar space and the reconciliation can be extended to arbitrary high dimensions. We prove that the error probability of scalar reconciliation is zero in any practical CVQKD scenario, and provides unconditional security. The results allow to significantly improve the currently available key rates and transmission distances of two-way CVQKD. The proposed scalar reconciliation can also be applied in oneway systems as well, to replace the existing reconciliation schemes.
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L. Gyongyosi, S. Imre, "Long-distance continuous-variable quantum key distribution with advanced reconciliation of a Gaussian modulation", Proc. SPIE 8997, Advances in Photonics of Quantum Computing, Memory, and Communication VII, 89970C (19 February 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2038532; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2038532
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