7 March 2014 Statistical x-ray computed tomography imaging from photon-starved measurements
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Dose reduction in clinical X-ray computed tomography (CT) causes low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in photonsparse situations. Statistical iterative reconstruction algorithms have the advantage of retaining image quality while reducing input dosage, but they meet their limits of practicality when significant portions of the sinogram near photon starvation. The corruption of electronic noise leads to measured photon counts taking on negative values, posing a problem for the log() operation in preprocessing of data. In this paper, we propose two categories of projection correction methods: an adaptive denoising filter and Bayesian inference. The denoising filter is easy to implement and preserves local statistics, but it introduces correlation between channels and may affect image resolution. Bayesian inference is a point-wise estimation based on measurements and prior information. Both approaches help improve diagnostic image quality at dramatically reduced dosage.
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Zhiqian Chang, Ruoqiao Zhang, Jean-Baptiste Thibault, Ken Sauer, and Charles Bouman "Statistical x-ray computed tomography imaging from photon-starved measurements", Proc. SPIE 9020, Computational Imaging XII, 90200G (7 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2048204; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2048204

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