24 March 2014 Document page structure learning for fixed-layout e-books using conditional random fields
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Abstract
In this paper, a model is proposed to learn logical structure of fixed-layout document pages by combining support vector machine (SVM) and conditional random fields (CRF). Features related to each logical label and their dependencies are extracted from various original Portable Document Format (PDF) attributes. Both local evidence and contextual dependencies are integrated in the proposed model so as to achieve better logical labeling performance. With the merits of SVM as local discriminative classifier and CRF modeling contextual correlations of adjacent fragments, it is capable of resolving the ambiguities of semantic labels. The experimental results show that CRF based models with both tree and chain graph structures outperform the SVM model with an increase of macro-averaged F1 by about 10%.
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Xin Tao, Xin Tao, Zhi Tang, Zhi Tang, Canhui Xu, Canhui Xu, } "Document page structure learning for fixed-layout e-books using conditional random fields", Proc. SPIE 9021, Document Recognition and Retrieval XXI, 90210I (24 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2039492; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2039492
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